Select language: english | cesky | deutsch | italiano | simplified chinese | traditional chinese | hindi Concept: English word: Home

located (located)

A very general predicate. (located phys obj) means that phys is situated at obj, in some sense. The Predicates located and time are spatial and temporal predicates, respectively.

Ontology

SUMO / BASE-ONTOLOGY

Class(es)

 partial ordering relation

located

Superrelation(s)

 partly located

located

Subrelation(s)

part  exactly located  partially fills

Coordinate term(s)

before or equal  greater than or equal to  less than or equal to  part  sub attribute  sub list  sub process  subclass  subrelation  subsumes content class  subsumes content instance

Type restrictions

located(physical, object)

Related WordNet synsets

location
a point or extent in space

ubiety
the state of existing and being localized in space

See more related synsets on a separate page.

Axioms (23)

phys is an instance of physical if and only if there exist loc,time so that phys is located at loc and phys exists during time.
```(<=>
(instance ?PHYS Physical)
(exists
(?LOC ?TIME)
(and
(located ?PHYS ?LOC)
(time ?PHYS ?TIME))))```

If region is an instance of region, then there exists phys so that phys is located at region.
```(=>
(instance ?REGION Region)
(exists
(?PHYS)
(located ?PHYS ?REGION)))```

abs is an instance of abstract if and only if there doesn't exist point so that abs is located at point or abs exists during point.
```(<=>
(instance ?ABS Abstract)
(not
(exists
(?POINT)
(or
(located ?ABS ?POINT)
(time ?ABS ?POINT)))))```

located is internally related to time.
`(relatedInternalConcept located time)`

• if obj is located at region,
• then for all subobj holds: if subobj is a part of obj, then subobj is located at region
• .
```(=>
(located ?OBJ ?REGION)
(forall
(?SUBOBJ)
(=>
(part ?SUBOBJ ?OBJ)
(located ?SUBOBJ ?REGION))))```

If proc1 inhibits proc2, then for all time,place holds: "there exists proc1 inst1 so that inst1 is located at place during time" decreases likelihood of "there exists proc2 inst2 so that inst2 is located at place during time".
```(=>
(inhibits ?PROC1 ?PROC2)
(forall
(?TIME ?PLACE)
(decreasesLikelihood
(holdsDuring
?TIME
(exists
(?INST1)
(and
(instance ?INST1 ?PROC1)
(located ?INST1 ?PLACE))))
(holdsDuring
?TIME
(exists
(?INST2)
(and
(instance ?INST2 ?PROC2)
(located ?INST2 ?PLACE)))))))```

• if proc1 prevents the occurrence of proc2,
• then for all time,place holds: if there exists proc1 inst1 so that inst1 is located at place during time, then there exists proc2 inst2 so that inst2 is located at place during time
• .
```(=>
(prevents ?PROC1 ?PROC2)
(forall
(?TIME ?PLACE)
(=>
(holdsDuring
?TIME
(exists
(?INST1)
(and
(instance ?INST1 ?PROC1)
(located ?INST1 ?PLACE))))
(not
(holdsDuring
?TIME
(exists
(?INST2)
(and
(instance ?INST2 ?PROC2)
(located ?INST2 ?PLACE))))))))```

If process origins at obj, then "the place where process was at "the beginning of "the time of existence of process""" is located at "the place where obj was at "the beginning of "the time of existence of obj""".
```(=>
(origin ?PROCESS ?OBJ)
(located
(WhereFn
?PROCESS
(BeginFn
(WhenFn ?PROCESS)))
(WhereFn
?OBJ
(BeginFn
(WhenFn ?OBJ)))))```

• if subproc is a subprocess of proc,
• then for all region holds: if proc is located at region, then subproc is located at region
• .
```(=>
(subProcess ?SUBPROC ?PROC)
(forall
(?REGION)
(=>
(located ?PROC ?REGION)
(located ?SUBPROC ?REGION))))```

If proc is an instance of biological process, then there exists organism obj so that proc is located at obj.
```(=>
(instance ?PROC BiologicalProcess)
(exists
(?OBJ)
(and
(instance ?OBJ Organism)
(located ?PROC ?OBJ))))```

If proc is an instance of organ or tissueprocess, then there exists thing so that proc is located at thing and thing is an instance of organ or thing is an instance of tissue.
```(=>
(instance ?PROC OrganOrTissueProcess)
(exists
(?THING)
(and
(located ?PROC ?THING)
(or
(instance ?THING Organ)
(instance ?THING Tissue)))))```

If motion is an instance of motion and obj is a patient of motion and motion origins at place, then obj is located at place immediately before "the time of existence of motion".
```(=>
(and
(instance ?MOTION Motion)
(patient ?MOTION ?OBJ)
(origin ?MOTION ?PLACE))
(holdsDuring
(ImmediatePastFn
(WhenFn ?MOTION))
(located ?OBJ ?PLACE)))```

If motion is an instance of motion and obj is a patient of motion and motion ends at place, then obj is located at place immediately after "the time of existence of motion".
```(=>
(and
(instance ?MOTION Motion)
(patient ?MOTION ?OBJ)
(destination ?MOTION ?PLACE))
(holdsDuring
(ImmediateFutureFn
(WhenFn ?MOTION))
(located ?OBJ ?PLACE)))```

If walk is an instance of walking and walk is an agent of agent, then there exists land area area so that agent is located at area.
```(=>
(and
(instance ?WALK Walking)
(agent ?WALK ?AGENT))
(exists
(?AREA)
(and
(instance ?AREA LandArea)
(located ?AGENT ?AREA))))```

If swim is an instance of swimming and swim is an agent of agent, then there exists water area area so that agent is located at area.
```(=>
(and
(instance ?SWIM Swimming)
(agent ?SWIM ?AGENT))
(exists
(?AREA)
(and
(instance ?AREA WaterArea)
(located ?AGENT ?AREA))))```

If remove is an instance of removing and remove origins at place and obj is a patient of remove, then obj is located at place immediately before "the time of existence of remove" and obj is not located at place immediately after "the time of existence of remove".
```(=>
(and
(instance ?REMOVE Removing)
(origin ?REMOVE ?PLACE)
(patient ?REMOVE ?OBJ))
(and
(holdsDuring
(ImmediatePastFn
(WhenFn ?REMOVE))
(located ?OBJ ?PLACE))
(holdsDuring
(ImmediateFutureFn
(WhenFn ?REMOVE))
(not
(located ?OBJ ?PLACE)))))```

If put is an instance of putting and put ends at place and obj is a patient of put, then obj is not located at place immediately before "the time of existence of put" and obj is located at place immediately after "the time of existence of put".
```(=>
(and
(instance ?PUT Putting)
(destination ?PUT ?PLACE)
(patient ?PUT ?OBJ))
(and
(holdsDuring
(ImmediatePastFn
(WhenFn ?PUT))
(not
(located ?OBJ ?PLACE)))
(holdsDuring
(ImmediateFutureFn
(WhenFn ?PUT))
(located ?OBJ ?PLACE))))```

```(=>
(and
(instance ?KEEP Keeping)
(patient ?KEEP ?OBJ))
(exists
(?PLACE)
(forall
(?TIME)
(=>
(temporalPart
?TIME
(WhenFn ?KEEP))
(holdsDuring
?TIME
(located ?OBJ ?PLACE))))))```

If organism lives in obj, then there exists time so that organism is located at obj during time.
```(=>
(inhabits ?ORGANISM ?OBJ)
(exists
(?TIME)
(holdsDuring
?TIME
(located ?ORGANISM ?OBJ))))```

If virus is an instance of virus and proc is an instance of replication and proc is an agent of virus, then there exists cell cell so that proc is located at cell.
```(=>
(and
(instance ?VIRUS Virus)
(instance ?PROC Replication)
(agent ?PROC ?VIRUS))
(exists
(?CELL)
(and
(located ?PROC ?CELL)
(instance ?CELL Cell))))```

If building is an instance of building, then there exists human human so that
• human lives in building
• or
• there exists act so that act is an agent of human and act is located at building
• .
```(=>
(instance ?BUILDING Building)
(exists
(?HUMAN)
(and
(instance ?HUMAN Human)
(or
(inhabits ?HUMAN ?BUILDING)
(exists
(?ACT)
(and
(agent ?ACT ?HUMAN)
(located ?ACT ?BUILDING)))))))```

If obj1 is on to obj2, then obj1 is located at obj2.
```(=>
(orientation ?OBJ1 ?OBJ2 On)
(located ?OBJ1 ?OBJ2))```

If embryonic is an attribute of org, then there exists reproductive body body so that org is located at body.
```(=>
(attribute ?ORG Embryonic)
(exists
(?BODY)
(and
(instance ?BODY ReproductiveBody)
(located ?ORG ?BODY))))```